What is a Ship Registry?
Let’s try keep it simple, just a drop at the time.
Ship registration is the process by a vessel/ship/unit registers its documents under a country obtaining its nationality that allows to travel internationally. Every merchant ship, commercial or pleasure vessel, meaning that does not belong to a Nation Military fleet, should be registered in a Flag State country and must comply with this Flag State Registry Laws.
These Registries can be governmental or private agencies. Let me go back to “should be registered”, OK, not all are registered, Narcos’ Submarines or Pirates Vessels are not, I guess there’s a reason why, right? Well, that’s why to obtain a Flag State Seaman book, like Panama #Seamanbook is requested to the seaman to have at least a Security Awareness Safety Course Certificate to know how to deal with certain situations overseas, we will talk about it later in another “Maritime Knowledge Drops”.
There are closed registries, that only register ships of its own nation, they are known as a traditional or national registers. However, there are open registries, that allow vessels that are foreign-owned and sometimes these registries are called Flags of Convenience, like Panama Registry, that is over 100 years’ old registry, being is the largest Ship registry Worldwide, with more than 7,000 vessels, over 200,000 seaman, we will explain about this in another “Maritime Knowledge Drops”.
International Laws, which the Flag State already had signed through international instruments such as Agreements or Treaties, request from the Flag State a regulatory control over the ship/vessel/unit, certifying the compliance of these national laws as well the international laws, such as: safety, environmental protection, social responsibility, vessel documents, vessel’s equipment, crew and their documents, crew accommodation, comply with labor laws, etc. These Regulatory Controls must be issue in documents by Surveyors, there are different kind of inspections, and different Class Certifications that we will explain in another “Maritime Knowledge Drops”.
So, are we getting the map of the Ship Registry world, its regulations, the rules, and some general info?
Well, be ready to fill your vessel with Maritime Knowledge Drops, OK? Now let’s SAILS.